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Allium cepa
Aloe vera
Allium sativum
Astragalus membranaceus
Angelica sinensis
Aesculus hippocastanum
Althaea officinalis
Andrographis paniculata
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
Ammi majus
Ammi visnaga
Anethum graveolens
Arnica montana
Azadirachta indica


 

 

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Althaea officinalis L. (Malvaceae)

Synonym
Malva officinalis L.

Local names
Altea, altee, althea, bardul khatmi, benefischi, bismalva-hibiscus, blanca malva, bon visclo, bourdon de St Jacques, Eibisch, Eibischwurzel, erva molle, guimauve, Heilwurz, hobbiza, Ibischwurz, khairi, khatmi, korzén prawóslazu, marshmallow, marshmallow root, malvaccioniu, malvavisco, marmolone, molotta, Moorish mallow, orvosiziliz gyökér, racine d’althée, racine de guimauve, Sammetpappel, sauvage, Schleimwurzel, suzmool, sweet weed, white mallow, wymote

Description
A perennial herb with erect, woody stems, 60–120 cm high. Leaves alternate, ovate to slightly cordate, serrate, velvety, large, occasionally 3-lobed. Flowers pale pink, axillary, the calyx of each surrounded by a 6–9 cleft involucre. Fruit a set of cocci united into a ring

Plant material used
dried roots

Chemical assays
Not less than 10% total mucilage in the peeled root as determined by gravimetric analysis

Major chemical constituents
The mucilage content ranges from 10 to 20% and consists of a mixture of acidic galacturonorhamnans, neutral glucans and neutral arabinogalactans

Medicinal uses
Uses supported by clinical data
None.

Uses described in pharmacopoeias and well established documents
As a demulcent for symptomatic treatment of dry irritable coughs and irritations of oral and pharyngeal mucosa and as an emollient for wounds and dry skin. Also used in cough mixtures to mask the bitter or pungent taste of other drugs.

Uses described in traditional medicine
Treatment of asthma, cystitis, dysentery and irritations of the gastric mucosa

Proven pharmacological activity
Animal studies
Demulcent, Anti-inflammatory, Antitussive

Contraindications
No information available.

Warnings
No information available.

Precautions
Drug interactions
Simultaneous administration of Radix Althaeae may delay the absorption of other drugs.

Other precautions
No information available on general precautions or precautions concerning drug and laboratory test interactions; carcinogenesis, mutagenesis, impairment of fertility; teratogenic and non-teratogenic effects in pregnancy; nursing mothers; or paediatric use. Therefore, Radix Althaeae should not be administered during pregnancy or lactation or to children without medical supervision.

Adverse reactions
No information available.

Dosage forms
Peeled or unpeeled, broken, chopped or powdered crude drug and galenical preparations thereof. Store in a well-closed container, protected from light.

Posology
(Unless otherwise indicated)
For dry cough, oral or pharyngeal irritation: 0.5–3.0 g of crude drug as an aqueous, cold macerate or 2–8 ml of syrup, which may be repeated up to a daily dose of 15 g of crude drug. For gastric irritation: 3–5g of crude drug as an aqueous, cold macerate up to three times daily

 

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